Wallace taught the young Robert how to fight his campaigns, and how to make the land fight for him – a lesson which Bruce used to such devastating effect at Bannockburn.

Wallace won the first great battle against the English at Stirling Bridge, where his monument on the nearby Abbey Craig now dominates the landscape. He became Guardian of Scotland for a time thereafter and was knighted, almost certainly by Bruce himself. Finally, betrayed and captured, he was taken to London where, on the command of Edward I, he was executed in a most shocking fashion after being dragged through the streets at a horse’s tail.

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